Konga

Thursday, September 10, 2015

Respect Promises Made to Yourself as if They Were Made to Someone Else

I saw this article written by Patrick Allan and i guess its worth sharing right here for you guys to be inspired.
Respect Promises Made to Yourself as if They Were Made to Someone Else
It’s easy to break a promise to yourself because it only affects you. Here’s why you should take promises you make to yourself more seriously, and how to start off easy so you don’t let yourself down again.

Use 2 different numbers on Whatsapp on same phone with OGWhatsApp!

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OGWhatsApp
Once you install OGWhatsApp on your Android device, the app allows you to use two different telephone numbers with WhatsApp from the same smartphone.

How are MAC Addresses Unique?

With the huge volume of Internet connected devices that have been and will continue to be produced, how is the uniqueness of any ‘given’ MAC address enforced? A Network user asked, "Again and again I have read that devices are uniquely identified by their MAC addresses, but how are MAC addresses determined? And do they tell us anything about the devices they represent? How is the uniqueness of MAC addresses enforced?


How are MAC Addresses Determined?
Vendors are given a range of MAC Addresses that can be assigned to their products by the IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers). MAC Address are assigned to Vendors in various sized blocks as appropriate.
  • The IEEE offers Registration Authority programs or registries which maintain lists of unique identifiers under standards and issue unique identifiers to those wishing to register them. The IEEE Registration Authority assigns unambiguous names to objects in a way which makes the assignment available to interested parties.
You can go to Vendor/Ethernet/Bluetooth MAC Address Lookup and Search to find the vendor given a particular MAC Address or find a MAC Address Range given to a vendor.
Devices are Uniquely Identified by Their MAC Addresses
This is incorrect. Devices are not uniquely identified by their MAC addresses.
  1. In the past vendors have intentionally or by mistake assigned the same MAC Address to multiple devices.
  2. It is possible to change the MAC Address presented by most hardware to the OS, an action often referred to as MAC spoofing:
  • MAC spoofing is a technique for changing a factory-assigned Media Access Control (MAC) Address of a network interface on a networked device. The MAC Address is hard-coded on a network interface controller (NIC) and cannot be changed. However, there are tools which can make an operating system believe that the NIC has the MAC Address of a user’s choosing.

Duplicate MAC Addresses
  • Manufacturers re-use MAC Addresses and they ship cards with duplicate addresses to different parts of the United States or the world so that there is only a very small chance two computers with network cards with the same MAC Address will end up on the same network.
  • MAC Addresses are ‘burned’ into the Network Interface Card (NIC) and cannot be changed. See ARP and RARP on how IP addresses are translated into MAC Addresses and vice versa.
  • In order for a network device to be able to communicate, the MAC Address it is using must be unique. No other device on that local network subnet can use that MAC Address. If two devices have the same MAC Address (which occurs more often than network administrators would like), neither computer can communicate properly. On an Ethernet LAN, this will cause a high number of collisions. Duplicate MAC Addresses on the same LAN are a problem. Duplicate MAC Addresses separated by one or more routers is not a problem since the two devices won’t see each other and will use the router to communicate.
Source: Media Access Control
Further Reading
FAQs: The Registration Authority

Friday, September 4, 2015

How to Fix the “Wi-Fi: No Hardware Installed” Error on Mac OS X

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If you brought your Mac back from sleep only to see that your Wi-Fi isn’t working at all, even after a reboot, you might be experiencing the Wi-Fi: No hardware installed error. And luckily it’s really easy to fix.
Essentially what has happened is that the MacBook lost track of which devices are supposed to be powered on and which are supposed to be powered off, and it just left your Wi-Fi completely turned off even though the rest of the computer is on. It’s like when you wake up and your arm is still asleep because you slept funny. The rest of you is ready to go, and your arm doesn’t want to work.
Luckily you can fix this very simply by resetting the System Management Controller (SMC), which is as easy to do as pressing a couple of keys.

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